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中考英语作文:观点利弊类作文

现在的中考作文难度不断提升,对于学生思辨性的要求越来越有雅思考试的气质了。雅思写作有两类大作文,reportargumentation两种,前者主要是分析某个问题,提出解决方案,而后者则是对于某个具有争议性的问题或者观点进行利弊分析。而针对于argumentation,即辩论型作文,作文的结构可以分为单边支持型双边讨论型这两种。而回看各种雅思考官范文和一些高分范文,大多数都是选择双边讨论的形式,这主要是因为英国人的思维比较缜密,他们看待问题比较客观公正,所以比较倾向于考生对于问题的全面分析和理解。国外考试作文类型分四种1. Evaluate an idea.  2. Present an idea  3. Evaluate a solution.  4. Present a solution. 今天我们就观点利弊类(evaluate & present an idea) 作文和大家进行详细解答。

 

名校经典中考模拟考题:

Writing(作文):(共20分)Write at least 60 words about the topic “My opinion on keeping pets”. (饲养宠物之我见为题,写一篇不少于60个词的短文,标点符号不占格。)

 

提示:在当今社会在家庭饲养宠物已经司空见惯。请谈谈你在生活中对于饲养宠物的看法(可结合你的个人经历和自己身边养宠物的人的现象来发表一下自己的见解)

Phrasesfor reference(以下短语仅供参考)

 

in favor of                      take care of

learn about…from…       prevent…from

 

(注意:文中不得出现具体人名、校名等个人信息,否则不予评分。)

 

My opinion on keeping pets

【优秀句子集锦】

开门点题+亮出观点:Keeping pets, in my mind, is good for our life and I agree with it.

->句式升级:Keeping pets, in my mind, is b_____to our life and Iam totally in f_____ of it.

 

->变式表达:As far as I’m concerned, it’s definitely a fantastic idea to raise a pet.

 

正方:(Affirmative side

分论点1To start with, dogs can guard our house so that we’ll have a sense of security.

分论点2Besides, they can relieve people’s loneliness and l_____ up (提升)the spirit, especially the elderly and lonely people.

分论点3In addition, pets are our l___(忠诚的) friends that never b_____ (背叛)us.

分论点4Moreover, their lovely appearances sometimes help us get rid of sadness.

分论点5Furthermore, whenever I feel d_______(失落), pets are good listeners and they can reduce ourstress.

(注:实考作文5个分论点选取2-3个分论点即可)

 

话锋一转,负评价一笔带过:Although sometimes pets can be

messy and dirty, they can definitely change a person’s life.

 

反方:(Negative side

分论点1Keeping pet dogs isn’t healthy because they may carry diseases.

分论点2Additionally, It is not convenient for us if we take public transportation.

分论点3Besides, the money we need to take care of petsmay bemore than we can a_____.(承担得起)

 

完美总结:In conclusion/ From what have been discussed above, I can’t agree with ‘keeping pets’ more.

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